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July 11, 2016

divine command theory scholarly articles

However, I take this to be a conversational implication rather than an entailment. It also follows that no act is right, if you take the Divine Command Theory as saying that an act's rightness is constituted by its being permitted by God. Robert Adams, ‘Existence, Self Interest and the Problem of Evil’,Noûs 13 (1979), 53–65. The occurrence of moral dilemmas has often been taken to provide an argument against Moral Realism. A long tradition of theological voluntarism in moral theory has evolved from this natural starting point. 6 0 obj %��������� So we would do well to have a label for this class of views that does not prejudge the issue of the relevant act of divine will. What could it mean to say that I must (for example) help someone in need in cases in which this is not in my lon Here I assume that there is a finite sum to the numerical values. 5 0 obj One might, of course, understand these divine commands as merely God's endorsement of a moral code whose authority is independent of the commands. The theory asserts that what is moral is determined by what God commands, and that for a person to be moral is to follow his commands. That is, it is either true that the act is wrong or it is true that the act is not wrong. Divine command theory is the belief that things are right because God commands them to be. Working off-campus? When I refer to God as ‘She/He’ I do not mean ‘She or He’. 1. It if were, then this would collapse to a thesis about what is necessarily the case. We can avoid Moral Perfectionism on this account bynot ignoring weakness of will. Many think that the idea of moral obligations, considered apart from the will of God, simply makes no sense. Followers of the theory accept that all moral judgment is derived from an understanding of God’s character or his direct commandments. But divine command theory also faces some significant challenges. endobj That is because there are variousuntenable alternatives to the Divine Command Theory which satisfy all four premisses. PubMed Google Scholar. << /Length 12 0 R /N 1 /Alternate /DeviceGray /Filter /FlateDecode >> That is, the theory that to have value is to be approved of by God, to have disvalue is to be disapproved of by Her/Him. stream Learn about our remote access options. Google Scholar. I would, for instance, give a consequentialist account of the moral comparative: of two acts the one with the better consequences is morally better. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. Here I note three points: The first is that, as an alternative, we could identifybeing right withbeing permitted by God. Derived from Plato's dialogueEuthryphro, in which Socrates asks Euthyphro whether what is loved by the gods is loved because it is holy or holy because it is loved. << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Resources 6 0 R /Contents 4 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 1024 768] �)����vuY�m[�Ңgߺ��3ӛ�5œ]�. Perhaps the most important such challenge arises in the Platonic dialogue which we read for class today. �0��+��l���׽�,��Ii+�oq��0���L�0��%��2�{����[@X�a �+���*T�G�.Z�����_>�x}>W>����jM)Q�֢Uo8].e-Zp-`�#թ���?|��������纲7l�ݽ ��:8 They therefore have reasons for sympathy with a divine command conception of morality. I am grateful to Barry Miller, of the University of New England, and Dan Skubik of the Australian National University for helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper. Forrest, P. An argument for the Divine Command Theory of Right Action. Peter Forrest. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Philosophy Department, University of New England, Australia, You can also search for this author in Both Exodus 20:1–17 and Deuteronomy 5:6–21, which recount the revelation of the Decalogue, portray God as instructing the Chosen People about what they are to do and not to do by commanding them. But it seems natural enough to suppose that the authority of the Decalogue depends in some manner on the fact it is divinely commanded or the fact that the commands express God's will. Apart, of course, from the facts, if these are facts, about which acts are right and which wrong. But the name ‘divine command theory’ is a bit misleading: what these views have in common is their appeal to the divine will; while many of these views hold that the relevant act of divine will is that of commanding, some deny it. endobj Part of Springer Nature. 2 0 obj Article  In rather anthropomorphic language, God desires but does not command that we be perfect.

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